Permanent Error by Pieter Hugo 
Hardcover; 112 pages
Prestel; Illustrated Edition
2.2 pounds; 9.81 x 0.69 x 11.69 inches
In his previous well–received volumes of photographs, Hugo offers unflinching yet striking portraits of humans, animals, societies, and landscapes that shock and disturb, but also demand our attention. In Permanent Error, he documents a garbage dump in Ghana that has become the repository for discarded computers from around the world.
These haunting images document the true cost of a misguided policy—the shipping of millions of tons of obsolete computers to developing countries. The computers are burned to extract valuable metals, effectively turning the site into a toxic wasteland that contaminates air, soil, and groundwater for miles around. These amazing portraits tell a story of a marginal community overwhelmed by poverty, but where human strength and resilience shine through the inhuman conditions Hugo lays bare.